If you want to understand the gist of the thinking failures that Reality-Based Thinking is designed to avoid, the article linked below is a great way to do it. Keith Stanovich, in this January 2015 article in Scientific American, breaks down the basics from his book What Intelligence Tests Miss: The Psychology of Rational Thought, which is on the SRBT list of recommended reading.
“Rational and Irrational Thought: The Thinking That IQ Tests Miss” by Keith E. Stanovich. 1 January 2015. (Links to the original article at scientificamerican.com)
Jack Pelham is the founder of the Society for Reality-Based Thinking. This flagship book has been in the works for over three years now as Jack has researched over 20 books related to the psychology of rational thinking, as well as countless articles. The book, which should be available for purchase by the end of 2017, seeks to make this expansive topic quite manageable for the lay reader, as well as to put it into perspective from a philosophical point of view.
It’s thesis is that the world’s most fundamental problem is the failure of humans to think as well as we are capable of thinking. It suggests that we would serve ourselves well to go to the effort to train our minds better, and then to put that training into practice as a sustainable way of life. What philosophers and cognitive scientists call epistemic rationality is what Jack has renamed “Reality-Based Thinking”—thinking that deliberately seeks to jibe with the real world—as opposed to fanciful or biased thinking that does not.
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This book is expected to be available for purchase by the end of 2017.
This is the book that has played the biggest role in inspiring the Society for Reality-Based Thinking. Stanovich demonstrates that standard intelligence quotient (IQ) tests simply do not measure certain mental abilities that are associated with rational thought. This is why someone can have a high IQ score, and still think, decide, believe, and act irrationally on some matters. Stanovich also presents his three-part model of the human mind, introducing to the reader the “Reflective Mind”, whose job it is to decide (or not) when to make the rest of the mind keep working a problem until it is solved in a way that maps accurately onto the real world.
This book is written appropriately for a lay audience, and is quite readable, with only short sections tending to be intimidating to the non-cognitive-scientist reader. It gives several word problems, along with a full discussion of what goes wrong in the thinking of those who miss them. This is SRBT’s top book recommendation after SRBT founder Jack Pelham’s upcoming flagship book on RBT, which should be out by the end of 2015.
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